Despite the cold winter, around the Nhiet Ha River, the trees are still green, the atmosphere is unusually warm, making this place a “tourist” spot of ancient kings.
The longest river in China, known as the Mother River with a length of more than 6,300km. In stark contrast to the Truong Giang, China also has an extremely “tiny” river.
That is the Heat River, the shortest river in China (the Heat River, roughly translated: the hot river). Located in the scenic complex of Ti Thu Son Trang – a complex of palaces and royal gardens located in Thua Duc district (Hebei, China).
The shortest river in China
The whole river is just a small tributary in the northeast of Cao Son Ho district in the scenic resort area of Ti Thu Son Trang. Originating in the area of Ti Thu Son Trang and pouring into the big Vu Liet River, this river is just over 90m long.
In the early Qing Dynasty, the area around Nhiet Ha was a place for the Mongols to graze horses and a small village with only a few dozen households.
After Emperor Khang Hi of the Qing Dynasty built Hanh Cung (later renamed Tu Tri Son Trang Thua Duc, it was completed by Emperor Qianlong, construction time 89 years), this river officially called Heat Ha.
On every hot summer occasion, the Emperor of the Qing Dynasty came to stay at Ti Thu Son Trang, both to relax and avoid the heat, and to work more efficiently. Therefore, Nhia Ha gradually became the name of an administrative region – Nhiet Ha province, which was one of the four major provinces in the Northeast during the Republic of China. Some reviews show that this place is bustling only after Beijing, the political center at that time.
Thermal Ha – the name comes from the river water temperature is higher than average.
Emperor Qianlong had a verse: “The lotus that blooms in autumn is only available in Nhiet Tuyen”, to admire how the lotus in the area near the Nhiet Ha River can bloom in autumn because of the warm air and water. different from other rivers.
The area on both sides of the river is an expensive sightseeing place, all four seasons are cool and warm. Even in the middle of winter, Ti Thu Son Trang is not very cold, and the vegetation around the Nhiet Ha River is still lush. That is why this place became a hot spot for the Royal Family in the past.
Explaining the phenomenon of the strangely high temperature of the river water, geologists believe that 70 million years ago, there was a large-scale volcanic eruption. River water on the surface crept down the cracks, then increased in heat and then erupted back up, forming the Nhiet Ha River.
Thanks to the accretion of volcanic eruptions, the water of the Nhiet Ha River is rich in mineral elements and dissolved salts. Emperor Khang Hi once wrote: “The land is fertile, the springs are sweet and the melons are crispy”. Indeed, it is said that crops will grow well, drinking this river water will provide many healthy minerals.
Folks spread another myth related to the origin of the river: In the past, the city of Thua Duc used to be a vast sea, inhabited by the Dragon King and the water tribe.
Suddenly there was a drought and the crops failed. The dragon maiden of the Dragon Palace secretly called out a heavy rain to save the people. This incident made Thien Di extremely angry, sent Thien Binh and Thien General to fill the sea and seal the Dragon girl under a rock. But the dragon girl did not give up, but continuously spewed bubbles, then floated to the ground, forming a fresh stream, irrigating the arid land, saving the lives of all people. Therefore, Nhiet Ha is also known as “the most beautiful spring in the world” (the most beautiful stream in the world). The descendants built a stone stele next to the stream and named it “Nhat Ha Tuyen” (Nhat Ha stream).
Although the Thermal Ha River is only a short river, it does not cool much of the land, but it still keeps the fire alive, feeding every inch of soil and grass on its way every day. The short river has a dynamic and sultry name – Nhiet Ha, which is the soul of the land.
Nowadays, with the development of tourism, more and more people know this shortest river in China.
“Go to Nhiet Ha, wash and wash your hands, luck follows you for half a year”
Thanks to the rumors spread, many tourists have visited the resort and admired the beautiful scenery of this river with their own eyes. At the same time, they also try their luck by washing their hands in the river, some even wash their handkerchiefs and hats here.